Complete Home Care How To Guide
August 22, 2012 by admin

Homecare is a general term that represents a wide range of community-based services to support someone that is recuperating from an acute situation, such as a hip fracture, or services needed by persons with on-going chronic conditions, such as stroke or cerebral palsy. The skills and duties of home care personnel vary, but all have one thing in common”they make it possible for care recipients to remain at home in a safe, environment and in some cases have more independence than they did before. In the process, they also provide family caregivers
with a chance to replenish their depleted physical and emotional reserves.

Homecare personnel include:

Registered nurses (RNs) that provide skilled medical care, including giving medications, monitoring vital signs, dressing wounds, and teaching family caregivers how to use complicated

equipment at home.

Therapists that work with patients to restore or maintain their motor, speech and cognitive skills.

Homecare aides who provide personal services such as bathing, dressing, toileting, making meals, light cleaning, and transporting patients to the doctor.

Companion/homemakers who help with chores around the house but usually do not perform personal duties for the care recipient.

Getting Started with Homecare

If you are considering getting homecare help to assist you with your caregiving responsibilities and/or to get some time for yourself, there are a number of things you need to consider, and also things you need to know.

The first step is to make sure you and your loved one are comfortable with the idea of someone else taking on some of the tasks that you’ve been doing by yourself. There are many care recipients that are totally opposed to the idea and some negotiations will need to occur before any plan can be put in place. It is important for all concerned to understand what is prompting the need for homecare and the personal issues that lie beneath refusal to consider it. Getting beyond objections isn’t necessarily easy and you might need some guidance on how to go about it, perhaps from other family caregivers that have dealt with the issue or from professionals that counsel family caregivers.
Defining the tasks that need to be done by the homecare worker will help you determine exactly what type of homecare is most appropriate in your situation. Do you need a nurse to clean and bandage wounds and monitor equipment, a homecare aide to help your loved one get showered and dressed, or would a companion/homemaker be more appropriate in your circumstance?
Once you know what type of assistance you need, and all parties agree that it is necessary or desirable, the inevitable questions about where to find homecare services, how much they will cost, and whether any of the cost is covered by insurance or provided by government programs must be asked and answered. Some federally funded programs, insurance
companies and health maintenance organizations (HMOs) do provide for some home health care services, but the coverage provided may not fit your needs. To be sure whether or not you have any coverage at all, it is imperative that you review your insurance benefits.
If you’re like the majority of family caregivers you need the most help with personal care tasks the very type of care that is not typically covered by private health insurance programs or Medicare. So unless your loved one had the foresight and the funds to purchase long-term-care insurance prior to becoming ill, your access to homecare will be limited by what you can afford. You may be able to get some help from state programs that take into account your ability to pay, and the age or extent of disability of your care recipient, but the sad reality is that more often than not the costs of homecare services will have to come
out of your own pocket.

Choosing the Right In-Home Care

How do you find the right homecare solution for your family, the one that provides the services you need at a price you can afford? There are several ways of tapping into the homecare network. Here is a look at some of the most common ones and what you need to think about
when considering them:

Home Care Agencies are companies in the business of meeting homecare needs. Not all home care agencies provide the same variety and level of service however, so make sure the agency you are considering can provide all the services you need. The issue isn’t bigger or smaller but rather which one meets your criteria.

If your care recipient is approved for skilled care that Medicare will pay for, it’s vital that the agency be Medicare certified. This ensures that the agency has met federal minimum requirements. If your loved one only requires personal care or companion/homemaker care, Medicare certification need not be a factor in your decision. Some companies actually have two agencies that are legally separate but work together, one that is Medicare certified and one that is strictly private pay.

Some agencies are accredited in addition to being certified. Well-known accrediting organizations are the National League for Nursing, the Joint Committee for Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, and the National Foundation of Hospice and Home Care. This type of certification tells you that the agency conforms to national industry standards, and there is always comfort in knowing you are dealing with an organization that has proven its worth to its peers.

What do home care services cost through an agency? Some agencies charge flat fees ranging from $100 to $120 per visit. Others have a minimum two or four-hour fee. The actual hourly rate will vary depending on the services you require and the part of the country you live in,
but don’t be surprised to find rates ranging anywhere from $13 to $35 per hour.

Questions to Ask Any Agency You Are Thinking of Working With

Is the agency certified for participation in Medicare and Medicaid programs (where applicable)?
How long has the agency been serving the community?
Is the agency accredited by the Joint Commission On Accreditation of Healthcare
Organizations (JCAHO) or Community Health Accreditation Program (CHAP) or other recognized accrediting body?
Does the agency provide an initial assessment to determine if the patient would be appropriate for home care and what those services might be?
Does the agency provide all of the services you need? Can they provide flexibility to meet the patient’s changing health care needs?
How does the agency choose and train their employees? Are background checks made? Does it protect its caregivers with written personnel policies, benefit packages and malpractice insurance?
Does the agency provide literature explaining its services, eligibility requirements, fees and funding?
Does the agency have arrangements in place for emergencies? Are the agency’s caregivers available 24 hours a day, seven days a week? How quickly can they start service?
Are references from former clients and doctors available?
What types of programs does the company have in place to assure quality care is provided?
Will the agency go to bat for you if your insurance company or Medicare fail to cover a claim you and the agency thought should be covered?
Privately Employed Home Caregivers. Instead of using a home care agency, you may wish to hire a home care worker on your own, especially if you are not looking for skilled medical care, but
rather for someone to act as a companion or personal aide on a regular, long-term basis. In those situations, bypassing commercial agencies can often result in significant financial savings.
You can start your search by putting the word out to friends and neighbors that may know of a homecare worker. Also check with the nursing staff in your doctor’s office, a hospital discharge planner, or community-based social service agencies for reliable candidates.

Things to Think About If You Plan to Hire Private Homecare Help 
You yourself must do substantial background checks to ensure that the employee has no record of criminal activity or abuse,
You must be prepared to do all the paperwork necessary to comply with tax and insurance laws affecting employees,
You may not get candidates with the same level of training and licensure as those who work for home care agencies,
You do not have the guarantee of substitute help if your home caregiver is ill or on vacation.
Home Care Registries. A good middle ground between home care agencies and hiring help on your own is a home care registry. Registries are somewhat like an employment agency. They
screen, interview, and reference-check workers they refer to clients so you don’t have to, but just as with homecare agencies you need to ask a lot of questions to assure yourself that they can provide the right personnel to meet your needs. Because members of a registry are independent contractors, their services are available at prices that are usually lower than agencies. Government In-Home Aide Services. Many states and counties offer homecare services to residents who are aged or disabled. Some even offer services to family caregivers. Applications
for aid are evaluated by state social workers that rank a candidates needs according to a number of objective criteria including whether the care recipient lives alone and what activities he or she can perform. Care recipients who qualify are provided with home care aides that can give personal (not medical) care, do light cleaning, change linens, prepare meals, and transport or escort the patient to the doctor. The aides are trained and licensed by the state. Fees are usually set on a sliding scale and can range anywhere from $1 to $20/hour depending on the care recipients ability to pay. To find out what services your state offers, call your state Department of Human Resources or state
Health Department. But be forewarned: usually these agencies are overwhelmed with applications and the waiting list can be long.
Hospice. If you are caring for a loved one with a terminal illness, Hospice offers a number of services that can help. To qualify for in-home hospice care, you must have a doctor certify that your loved one is no longer seeking curative treatments and that he or she has months
rather than years to live. Depending on your situation, Hospice will provide a social worker, a nurse who comes regularly to check medicines and vital signs, volunteers to sit with your loved one while you run errands or just get some rest, and home health aides who will bathe and clean the patient, tidy up the room, and fix a meal if necessary. Payment is usually through Medicare or private insurance. When you call your local Hospice office, a home health care coordinator will work with you to arrive at the best combination of services for your situation.



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